How to Style a HTML file upload button in Pure CSS

Styling a html file upload button in pure css could be cumbersome if you've ever tried. Take a look at the following screenshot about how different browsers deal with the upload button. It's pretty obvious that there is a fair amount of variation.

We are aiming for creating a neat file upload button which behaves finely and consistently in pure css cross browsers. And here we go:

Step 1. Create a simple html markup

<div class="fileUpload btn btn-primary">
    <span>Upload</span>
    <input type="file" class="upload" />
</div>
Step 2. CSS: Tricky Part
.fileUpload {
    position: relative;
    overflow: hidden;
    margin: 10px;
}
.fileUpload input.upload {
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    right: 0;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    font-size: 20px;
    cursor: pointer;
    opacity: 0;
    filter: alpha(opacity=0);
}

For simplicity, I am using Bootstrap CSS to style the button (div.file-upload).

Demo:

Upload
Upload
Upload
Upload
Upload
Upload

Upload button with selected file

Unfortunately there is no PURE CSS way to do it. However, if you really want to display the selected file, the following JavaScript snippet could help for this case.

JavaScript:

document.getElementById("uploadBtn").onchange = function () {
    document.getElementById("uploadFile").value = this.value;
};
DOM change
<input id="uploadFile" placeholder="Choose File" disabled="disabled" />
<div class="fileUpload btn btn-primary">
    <span>Upload</span>
    <input id="uploadBtn" type="file" class="upload" />
</div>

Demo:

Upload

Yang Zhao

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